Sannenzaka Correspondence

Telecommunications tower with antennas

CNN effect exist in Japan? Reflecting on the “Nippo” Issue

The CNN effect refers to the notion that the establishment of 24/7 international television news networks during the 1980s and 1990s has had an impact on foreign policy, national security, and international conflicts. The Gulf War, in particular, is often cited as a prominent example where television coverage was influential, and the debate on the merits of this effect has recurred in subsequent international conflicts.